emerald" is the name the Romans gave peridot (pronounced
perri-dough). Light olive to deep bottle green, peridots were
thought to bring happiness in marriage, eloquence and serenity.
Crystals of peridot are found in rocks spewed from volcanoes.
Hawaiians treasure peridot as the tears shed by the goddess Pélé,
named for the island's still active volcano. Peridots come in
a variety of faceted and rounded shapes. As an alternative to
emeralds, peridots make striking rings and bracelets.
not clean in ultrasonic cleaners if it has visible inclusions.
word peridot comes from the Arabic word meaning gem.
shares with the diamond the distinction of being born in cauldron
of volcanoes, many found are over a billion years old. They are
unique in the gem world.
is found in the United States, Norway, Red Sea, Burma, Ceylon,
and recently Turkey. Other rare colors we have purchased and cut
are yellow, brown, and orange (orange is extremely rare).
thousand years ago, in the Roman empire, peridot was call "olivine".
Italian peridot is olive in color. American peridot is a light
large chunks of peridot were found in Hawaii. These large pieces
found their way around to the Egyptians, who made small drinking
vessels out of them. They were used in rituals, the priests would
drink soma from them. The soma would put them in touch with the
nature goddess, Isis.
breast plates of Solomon and the high Priest Aaron were said to
carry them among the 12 stones to protect them from wounds and
death in battle. These 12 stones were credited with the showing
of true spiritual teaching by creating miracles of healing performed
by the high priests.
has it that King Soloman traded many cedar trees from Lebanon
for 12 soma drinking cups and 144 liters of soma. The Egyptians
made this trade for ramp logs to build their pyramids at Gisa.
King Soloman was said to have been made wise and enlightened by
the drinking of soma from the peridot cups.
gemstone is born in fire: peridot, the volcanic gem. Small crystals
of peridot are often found in the rocks created by volcanoes and
also can be found in meteors that fall to earth! A few samples
of extraterrestrial peridot have even been faceted into gems!
is the gem form of the mineral olivine. Because the iron which
creates the color is an integral part of its structure, it is
found only in green, ranging from a summery light yellowish green
to a 7-up bottle green.
was mined in ancient Egypt on an island called Zeberget. Mining
was done at night because legend said that peridot could not be
easily seen during the day. The island was infested with serpents
who made peridot mining a very dangerous occupation until one
Pharoh finally had them all driven into the sea.
Romans called peridot "evening emerald," since its green
color did not darken at night but was still visible by lamplight.
Peridot later was also often used to decorate medieval churches,
probably carried back to Europe by the Crusaders. Large peridots,
more than 200 carats in size, adorn the shrine of the three magi
at the Cologne Cathedral.
had the power to drive away evil spirits and the power was considered
to be even more intense when the stone was set in gold. Peridot
was also said to strengthen the power of any medicine drunk from
goblets carved from the gemstone.
most peridot is mined by Native Americans in Arizona on the San
Carlos Reservation. Fine large peridot are found in Myanmar (formerly
Burma) and peridot is also mined in China and Sri Lanka.
1994, an exciting new deposit of peridot was discovered in Pakistan,
and these stones are among the finest ever seen. The new mine
is located 15,000 feet above sea level in the Nanga Parbat region
in the far west of the Himalaya Mountains in the Pakistanian part
of Kashmir. Beautiful large crystals of peridot were found, some
that cut magnificent large gemstones. One stone was more than
300 carats! This new discovery, combined with fashion's passion
for lime green, has revived interest in peridot and increased
the popularity of this gemstone
peridot is treasured in Hawaii as the goddess Pélé's tears, almost
all of the peridot sold in Hawaii today is from Arizona, even
though peridot is produced by Hawaii's volcanoes. The island of
Oahu even has beaches made out of olivine grains but unfortunately
they are much too small to cut into peridot!